17.06.2020. The World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought aims to promote public awareness of the issue, as well as the implementation of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, in those countries affected either by severe drought or desertification, or both, particularly in Africa.
In 1994, the United Nations General Assembly declared 17 June as the World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought. According to the United Nations website, desertification is caused by the vulnerability of dryland ecosystems, which cover one third of the planet’s surface, to overexploitation and inappropriate land use. “Land degradation towards drylands, and even deserts resulting from human activities, including climate change, affects approximately one sixth of the world’s population, 70 per cent of all drylands, equivalent to 3.6 billion hectares, and one quarter of the world’s total land area,” according to Fundación Aquae. That is why the Iberian Centre for Research and Fight against Forest Fires (CILIFO) supports the celebration of this day.
The project “Iberian Centre for Research and Fight against Forest Fires” CILIFO (0753_CILIFO_5_E) has a total budget of 24.6 million euros, of which 75% is financed by the Cross-border Cooperation Programme Interreg VA Spain-Portugal – Interreg POCTEP (2014-2020).
CILIFO is framed within Thematic Objective 5 of the POCTEP Programme: Promoting adaptation to climate change in all sectors. It also responds to the investment priority, with respect to the POCTEP Programme, 5B: Promoting investment to address specific risks and ensuring adaptation to disasters and developing disaster management systems.
With a duration of three years (01/01/2019 to 12/12/2021), it aims, through the results expected from its activities, to establish itself as a permanent centre for the promotion and development of training, awareness, research and cooperation in the fight against forest fires.
CILIFO is being developed thanks to the collaboration of a public-private partnership composed of public research bodies, non-profit-making public interest entities and public administrations, all with the common objective of fighting forest fires.
More on the World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought: https://www.un.org/es/observances/desertification-day